India Sterilizers and Surgical, Dental Care, and Equipment Disinfectors Market: Hospital-Acquired Infections to Drive Valuation of Market to INR1,390.2 Crore by 2019
Hospital-acquired infections or HAIs are a major safety concern for both healthcare providers and patients. They are caused due to prolonged hospital stays and increase the mortality of hospitalized patients. The sterilizers and surgical, dental care and equipment disinfectors market in India is primarily driven by the growing prevalence of hospital-acquired infections.
According to the World Health Organization, the frequency of ICU-acquired and device-associated infections in low- and middle-income countries such as India is much higher than in high-income countries. Of every 100 hospitalized patients at any given time, 10 in developing countries will get affected with at least one healthcare-associated infection. It is estimated that with the growing number of patients affected with HAIs, the sterilizers and surgical, dental care and equipment disinfectors market in India will be worth INR1,390.2 Crore by 2020.
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ICUs and Nursing Tables Pose High Risk of Hospital-Acquired Infections
Hospital-acquired infections are commonly caused by fungal, bacterial, and viral pathogens. In India and other developing economies, surgical site infections are the most common HAI, affecting up to one-third of operated patients. It can be attributed to inadequate environmental hygienic conditions and waste disposal, coupled with poor infrastructure.
A study by the Global Antibiotic Resistance Partnership (GARP) in association with the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy revealed that in Indian ICUs, the risk of infections caused by vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE), a deadly pathogen, is five times higher than in the rest of the world. Efforts to reduce the prevalence of HAIs have led to the extensive usage of formulations based on chlorhexidine gluconate to chemically disinfect ICUs and nursing tables in Indian hospitals.
Reasons behind Poor Infection Control Plans in Indian Hospitals
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare recommends that hospitals create an infection control plan to prevent the occurrence of HAIs. The problem often lies with the hospitals not following the infection control practices to curb the prevalence of the infections. Flouting infection control practices has resulted in some of the underlying problems in the Indian hospitals:
- Increasing number of patients per bed at government hospitals
- Less staff than required in hospitals
- Weak surveillance by ineffective infection control committees
- Lack of educational programs for healthcare workers, addressing basic infection control issues
Sterilizers and Surgical, Dental Care and Equipment Disinfectors Market to Bring Positive Changes in Indian Healthcare Sector
A large number of hospital-acquired infections are easily preventable by stepping up hygiene practices such as the use of isolation rooms for infected patients, increased availability and uptake of diagnostic tests, limited catheter use, use of gloves and gowns, and increased hand-washing.
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The sterilizers and surgical, dental care and equipment disinfectors market in India has a huge opportunity to grow with the development of protocols and programs to provide a hygienic environment in the hospitals. However, the medical sector in India has a long way to tread to effectively implement infection control practices. Changes at the organizational and administrative levels need to be introduced to provide better and infection-free healthcare facilities.