Need to Safeguard Sensitive Data Impels Deployment of Access Control and Authentication Systems

The requisite for any information management system is to safeguard information against improper disclosure or alteration. In order to achieve this, authentication, access control, and audit are the three technologies that work in coherence with each other for the needful.

The Government Accountability Office (GAO) of the U.S. Congress, in a recent testament about security loopholes among federal agencies, detailed the vital elements needed for effective protection systems. The watchdog agency detailed the critical components in access control, which is the foremost technology used by an enterprise to regulate the access to resources and set the limits regarding the same.

As evidenced by the GAO, the following six are the critical elements of an access control system:

1) Boundary Protection – this imposes a restriction on the logical connectivity into and out of the network and also controls connectivity to and from devices that are attached to the network. The deployment of multiple firewalls prevents both outsiders and trusted insiders from having unauthorized access to systems, and with the deployment of intrusion detection and prevention technologies, protection against cyber-attacks is rendered and strengthened. 

2) User Identification and Authentication – this tool equips the computer system to identify and authenticate users and to link individual-specific activities amongst the several users of the system accordingly.

3) Authorization – this involves the process wherein access rights and permissions to protected resources such as a system, a function, a network, an application, or a file are either granted or denied. For instance, most operating systems have a few built-in authorization features for permission rights for files and folders.

4) Cryptography – this includes many of the mechanisms enforced in order to preserve the confidentiality and integrity of crucial and sensitive information.

5) Auditing and Monitoring – this tool enables stakeholders to establish individual accountability for the purpose of monitoring compliances with security policies and investigating security violations, which is necessary to determine the type, timeframe, and the person who carried out the specific actions.

6) Physical Security – this enables the protection of data information units such as servers from espionage, damage, sabotage, and theft.

In many countries around the world, security policies and compliances are in place for the protection of critical information to the highest degree and upgradation of physical security systems for information management systems has been at the forefront, which has a high degree of connection with information dissemination, thereby affecting economic development considerably. Thus, the access control and authentication market will be on a growth trajectory in the foreseeable years. The market will expand at an impressive 15.30% CAGR from 2014 to 2020, according to leading market analysis company Transparency Market Research. 

In major parts of the world, with the economic slowdown coming to an end, the industrial, residential, and defense sectors are reviving, which will manifest into demand for foolproof access control and authentication systems.


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