The drugs of abuse testing market is stimulated by the rising awareness of non-government and government organizations about the hazardous effects of drugs and for controlling the socio-economic losses related with drug abuse. In addition, factors such as the rising production and consumption of illegal drugs, rising death rates owing to drug abuse, and the implementation of drug abuse (DOA) testing in companies have fuelled the drugs of abuse testing market.
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TMR, a market intelligence company throws light on the various areas wherein drug abuse testing plays a significant role. The various purposes of drugs of abuse testing within these areas are as follows:
• Medical Screening: Medical screening for drugs of abuse testing is majorly focused in determining the drugs or the group of drugs already consumed by a person. The response of a particular drug on the person’s body and the combination as well as the quantity consumed can be determined, so as to ensure proper treatment. A health practitioner may also demand drug testing in case of medical reasons such as if a person shows symptoms of intoxication including nausea, unconsciousness, panic, paranoia, chest pain, increased temperature, seizures, and respiratory failure. In addition, drug testing is also required in case of injuries or accidents resulting from the consumption of certain drugs or alcohol, in the case of an organ transplant, or during pregnancy.
• Forensic Testing: Drugs of abuse testing for legal or forensic purposes majorly aims at detecting banned or illegal drug utilization in a number of situations. A sample of urine, saliva, or hair is provided by the donor and this sample is secured and closed with a tamperproof seal in the presence of the donor. This is carried on in cases such as lawsuits wherein random monitoring of a person who has been convicted of illicit drug use is done. In addition, this type of testing also takes place via law enforcement agencies when drugs or alcohol are considered to be major reasons for an accident or injury. In addition, this type of testing also takes place in life insurance companies for applicants wishing to secure an insurance policy and in schools amongst athletes.
• Employment Drug Testing: Drug of abuse testing in employment usually entails forensic testing and is done before employment or in case the employer suspects that an employee is taking illegal drugs. This type of testing is mandatory in some workplaces, such as in the Department of Transportation within the U.S, and for federal and military employees.
• Sports Screening: Drugs of abuse testing is primarily performed on competitive athletes and is used more at international levels than national levels. The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), and the International Association of Athletic Federations (IAAF) work in collaboration for monitoring drug usage in athletes within international and national levels. In this type of testing, medical practitioners test for banned compounds such as anabolic steroids, growth hormones, and peptide hormones. These testing methods aim at distinguishing between supplemented and endogenous compounds within the bodies of athletes.
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